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Foreign Policy Centre

Ideas for a fairer world

Research: Latin America

Our Latin America Senior Research Associate (based in Brazil) is Thiago de Aragão - thiago[at]


> FPC Briefing: Extradition- Time to remove the nationality bar

By Andrew Southam.

In this FPC Briefing Research Associate Andrew Southam examines the nationality protection used by a number of countries to prohibit the extradition of alleged criminals to face trial. This contrasts with the practice of a number of countries including the US and UK that do not refuse to return their own citizens to face trial, provided due process has been followed and proper safeguards are in place. This briefing sets out the situation and calls for steps towards removing the nationality bar from extradition practices. Southam argues that such a bar is against the modern trend to streamline extradition procedures, is an unnecessary protection given other safeguards, and is contrary to wider international initiatives to combat crime. The briefing makes suggestions about how this can be achieved and explores the benefits and disadvantages of alternatives, including local prosecutions.

Download FPC Briefing: Extradition-Time to remove the nationality bar (440 kilobyte PDF)

> From the streets to a tragedy: A change in the Brazilian election panorama

By Thiago de Aragao.

The Brazilian elections are taking an unexpected path since the protests that happened in June 2013. On that occasion political analysts were asking themselves what could have been the drivers that motivated millions of Brazilians to take the streets protesting not only against the government, but against the political system as a whole.

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> FPC Briefing: BASIC positions-Major emerging economies in the UN climate change negotiations

By Stephen Minas.

FPC Research Associate Stephen Minas examines the positions taken by the so-called BASIC group (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) of emerging economies in UN global climate change negotiations. The report explores their priorities and the relationships with both developing and developed countries, looking at their cooperation so far and what challenges lie ahead.

Download FPC Briefing: BASIC positions (250 kilobyte PDF)

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> Europe in the World: Can EU foreign policy make an impact?

[Cover of Europe in the World: Can EU foreign policy make an impact?]

Adam Hug (Ed.)

February 2013 Hard copy: £4.95, plus £1 p+p.

Download Europe in the World: Can EU foreign policy make an impact? (2.02 megabyte PDF)

The Foreign Policy Centre's new publication, Europe in the World: Can EU foreign policy make an impact?, examines both how Europe is seen on the world stage and the effectiveness of the new External Action Service in delivering on its key objectives: building an effective new diplomatic service, strengthening EU influence in the neighbourhood and developing relations with strategic partners. It explores the institutional and organisational challenges surrounding the creation of the EEAS and considers what tensions remain with other EU institutions and national governments, with particular reference to the UK's difficult relationship with Europe.

Europe in the World is edited by Adam Hug (Foreign Policy Centre). It contains contributions on a range of topics and different perspectives from: Dr. Jozef Batora (Comenius University), Thiago de Aragão (Foreign Policy Centre), William Gumede (Foreign Policy Centre), Jacqueline Hale (Open Society Foundations), Richard Howitt MEP, Stefan Lehne (Carnegie Europe), Dr. Simon Lightfoot and Dr Balazs Szent-Ivanyi (University of Leeds), Prof. Anand Menon (Kings College London), Rt. Hon. Sir Malcolm Rifkind KCMG, QC, MP, Edward Macmillan-Scott MEP, Prof. John Peterson (University of Edinburgh), Dr. Neil Winn (University of Leeds). Rt. Hon. Douglas Alexander MP (Shadow Foreign Secretary) provides the foreword.

The findings of the Europe in the World publication have been extensively referenced in the UK Government's Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European Union: Foreign Policy paper.

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> 2009 Elections in Latin America: The Legislative Dispute in Argentina and the Primaries in Uruguay

Carlos Bellini, Daniel Lledo, Thiago de Aragao

Download 2009 Elections in Latin America (140 kilobyte PDF)

This report presents an evaluation of the legislative elections in Argentina and their impact on the Presidential succession of 2011, as well as an evaluation of the Presidential candidates in Uruguay, chosen through their parties' primaries. The Presidential election is scheduled for October 2009.

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> Who can deliver sustainable development? The challenges of economic growth and social stagnation in Latin America

Thiago de Aragao

March 2006

Download the report (50 kilobyte PDF)

Latin America is a region characterised by a consistently high potential for economic and social development, but faces serious difficulties in accomplishing this task. Throughout the last few decades Latin America has experienced periods of economic growth generally followed by moments of stark recession. Such economic growth cycles have always been tremendously difficult to maintain and, most of all, use in creating positive results for social development. In some ways, the economic history of South America has been a permanent alternation of these cycles - a typical stop and go – or, 'like a chicken flying', always short and low.

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Past Events

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> Are the BRICs losing their swagger? The case of Brazil

Wednesday 11 September 2013

Beyond the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, and Brazil being a global agricultural powerhouse, what does the future hold for Latin America's largest economy? In a year where a wave of public protests have swept through Brazil, this social unrest has been compounded by: a plunge in the value of its currency, high rates of inflation, anaemic economic growth, a failure in the expansion of Brazilian exports, a palpable lack of business confidence and weak domestic demand. How can President Dilma Rousseff's Government re-ignite the hopes of one of the world most promising emerging economies?

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> Hostage taking, piracy and ransom payments: ethical dilemmas and practical challenges

Date: Wednesday 6th March 2013


Venue: Committee Room 11, Houses of Parliament

The Foreign Policy Centre is hosting a Westminster Seminar, with the kind support of Control Risks, that will discuss some of the key issues in the debate around hostage taking, piracy and the payment of ransoms. The event will enable a wide ranging debate around the public policy response to these issues in the wake of the recent report of the UK-led International Task Force, and earlier Foreign Affairs Select Committee and House of Lords reports.

The event aims to examine the current situation around the world in relation to the taking of hostages. The event will explore the economic, security, political and social factors that drive hostage taking. It will also discuss the mechanisms of hostage negotiation and ransom payment, while debating the feasibility of alternatives to such payments; looking at both ethical and practical issues. Participants would examine the issue of hostage taking by terrorist groups and links between those involved in piracy,extremist political movements and international terrorism.


  • Alistair Burt MP, Foreign Office Minister responsible for the International Piracy Ransoms Taskforce
  • Richard Fenning , Chief Executive Officer, Control Risks
  • Judith and Oliver Tebbutt
  • Dr Anja Shortland, Reader in Economics, Brunel University

Chair: Con Coughlin, Associate Editor, Daily Telegraph

The event is free and open to all but will operate under the Chatham House Rule.

Please RSVP to

Download Hostage taking, piracy and ransom payments (300 kilobyte PDF)

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> Trading Out of Poverty in Latin America

Sponsored by Nestle

Friday 17 November, 15:00 - 19:00

Venue: Council Chamber, Ground Floor, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies , Charles Clore House, 17 Russell Square, London, WC1B 5DR.

The Foreign Policy Centre and the Institute for the Study of the Americas would like to invite you to the following event:

Trading Out of Poverty in Latin America


Professor Janet Dine, Queen Mary, University of London

Professor Brigitte Granville, Queen Mary, University of London

Claire McGuigan, Christian Aid

Hilary W Parsons, Nestlé

Graham Symons, Department for International Development (DfID)

Chaired by: Diego Sanchez Ancochea, Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London

Global fair trade sales have now reached $400 million annually and are projected to rise as the popularity of ethical trading gains increasing mass market appeal. Fair trade enterprise is estimated to return profits of between 25 to 30 percent to producers, improving the lives and livelihoods of those conventionally marginalised from global export markets. However, there are a number of challenges. Does growing competition within the sustainable trade sector compromise the values of alternative trade initiatives? Why do producers continue to channel the bulk of their produce through conventional markets? Why are so few small scale farmers participating in fair trade networks and should participation be extended to include plantation-based production in order to benefit poor farm workers? To explore how to constructively overcome the dilemmas facing fair trade and other ethical trade initiatives, designed to give farmers increased ownership of the goods they produce, the Foreign Policy Centre and the Institute for the Study of the Americas will host a forum to discuss whether fair trade can make a significant impact on poverty in Latin America while promoting ethical trading values.

Please RSVP to Andrew Russell, andrew.russell[at] or 0207 729 7566

This event is kindly supported by Nestlé

Download Seminar Report: Trading Out of Poverty in Latin America (150 kilobyte PDF)

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