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Europe’s Uncertain Pursuit of Middle East Reform

Article by Richard Youngs

September 15, 2006

Deliberation of democracy promotion in the Middle East intensified after the attacks of 9/11, and has been further energized by the transatlantic debates that were progeny of the Iraqi conflict. More intense debate over support for political change in the Middle East has forced the U.S. and Europe into a closer exploration of each other’s actual and intended approaches to democracy promotion in the region.

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